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   The Mark of the Beast & Symbol of Freemasonry  


 -  xx - double taw - 666




 The Ancient Greeks believed that writing played an important part in the development of civilization. They associated the use of written language with order and democracy. Sometimes around 600 B.C., for example, the Athenian politician Solon had his new laws written on a large wooden tablet and placed on display so all could see them. This permanent posting of the law made it clear That they were fixed and that they applied to everyone. The Greeks used the alphabets, a set of symbols of letters representing various sound, in their system of writing. They arranged letters of the alphabet to reflect the sound of spoken words, just as we do in English, and Spanish, and other languages that developed in western Europe. The Greeks adapted their alphabet from the Ancient Phoenicians of Asia Minor.

Early Writing System. About 3,000 years ago, the Phoenicians developed a writing system they used several dozen symbols, each representing a syllable. This type of system, called a syllabary, differed significantly from other early writing systems. The Mesopotamian and Egyptians, for example, created hundreds of symbols that stood for words or ideas rather than merely sounds of syllables. The Phoenicians syllabary was much easier to use than the earlier system.

     Count the number of the beast - Rev 13:18 

         See: Strongs Concordance - Greek dictionary of the new testament 

Revelation, 13:17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

SEE LINK: The Greek and Hebrew Page

Revelation, 13:18 -  Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. See: Chi kee stigma # 5516 - last word 18 verse - XES 

see: http://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G5516&t=KJV

Strongs Greek dictionary # 5516 and # 4742

chikheestigma - xxs 
chi xi stigma
khee xee stig'-ma

XXII - 22nd,  - XIV - 14th and an obsolete letter (from # 4742 as a cross) of the Greek alphabet (intermediate between the 5th and the 6th, used as numbers; denoting respectively - hexakosioi   600, - hexekonta 60, and - hex 6 - 666 as a numeral:--six hundred threescore and six.

#4742 - Stigma - stizo - to stick, prick, a MARK incised or punched (for recongnition of ownership - scar of service.   

As you look at the below table of alphabets in the Greek column start counting down from alpha, the 22nd letter in the Greek is chi. Now do the same counting to the 14th letter, which is xi. In between those two letters xi and chi as stated above; (between the 5th and the 6th). Start counting at xi, beginning at 1 to the 6th letter, you should have counted until you reached TAU (the 6th = HEXAGRAM). Now count backwards starting at chi, you should count until you reach sigma (the 5th = PENTAGRAM). This will denote the obsolete letter, which is the (t). For it was written Stigma before Sigma (khee xee stig'-ma).


                                          X - T

                                  Pentagram                 Hexagram

                                   14 letter                      22 letter


See: #4742 above       


       Number       Greek      Letter 
           1        Alpha         A
           2         Beth         B
           3         Gamma         G
           4        Delta         D
           5         Epsilon         E
           6         Zeta         Z
           7        Eta         h
           8        Theta       
           9        Iota          I
          10        Kappa          K
          11        Lamdba          L
          12        Mu          m
          13        Nu          n
          14th   (60)        Xi          x
          15        Omicron          O
          16         Pi          P
          17        Rho          R
          18       (6)     5th    Sigma          S
          19                 6th    Tau          T
          20        Upsilon          U
          21        Phi          F
          22nd   (600)        Chi           X
          23        Psi


          24         Omega






   Hebrew Alphabet


                                                    Orgins of the Alphabet                                         


The original alphabet was developed by a Semitic people living in or near Egypt.*  They based it on the idea developed by the Egyptians, but used their own specific symbols.  It was quickly adopted by their neighbors and relatives to the east and north, the Canaanites, the Hebrews, and the Phoenicians.  The Phoenicians spread their alphabet to other people of the Near East and Asia Minor, as well as to the Arabs, the Greeks, and the Etruscans, and as far west as present day Spain.  The letters and names on the left are the ones used by the Phoenicians.  The letters on the right are possible earlier versions. If you don't recognize the letters, keep in mind that they have since been reversed (since the Phoenicians wrote from right to left) and often turned on their sides!

The Greek letter phi (Φ) was already common among the Anatolians in what is now Turkey. Psi (Ψ) appears to have been invented by the Greeks themselves, perhaps based on Poseidon's trident.  For comparison, here is the complete Greek alphabet:
'aleph, the ox, began as the image of an ox's head.  It represents a glottal stop before a vowel.  The Greeks, needing vowel symbols, used it for alpha (A).  The Romans used it as A.

Beth, the house, may have derived from a more rectangular Egyptian alphabetic glyph of a reed shelter (but which stood for the sound h). The Greeks called it beta (B), and it was passed on to the Romans as B.

Gimel, the camel, may have originally been the image of a boomerang-like throwing stick.  The Greeks called it gamma (Γ).  The Etruscans -- who had no g sound -- used it for the k sound, and passed it on to the Romans as C.  They in turn added a short bar to it to make it do double duty as G.

Daleth, the door, may have originally been a fish!  The Greeks turned it into delta (Δ), and passed it on to the Romans as D.

He may have meant window, but originally represented a man, facing us with raised arms, calling out or praying.  The Greeks used it for the vowel epsilon (E, "simple E").  The Romans used it as E.

Waw, the hook, may originally have represented a mace.  The Greeks used one version of waw which looked like our F, which they called digamma, for the number 6.  This was used by the Etruscans for v, and they passed it on to the Romans as F.   The Greeks had a second version -- upsilon (Υ)-- which they moved to to the back of their alphabet.  The Romans used a version of upsilon for V, which later would be written U as well, then adopted the Greek form as Y.  In 7th century England, the W -- "double-u" -- was created.

Zayin may have meant sword or some other kind of weapon.  The Greeks used it for zeta (Z). The Romans only adopted it later as Z, and put it at the end of their alphabet.

H.eth, the fence, was a "deep throat" (pharyngeal) consonant.  The Greeks used it for the vowel eta (H), but the Romans used it for H.

Teth may have originally represented a spindle.  The Greeks used it for theta (Θ), but the Romans, who did not have the th sound, dropped it.

Yodh, the hand, began as a representation of the entire arm.  The Greeks used a highly simplified version of it for iota (Ι).  The Romans used it as I, and later added a variation for J.

Kaph, the hollow or palm of the hand, was adopted by the Greeks for kappa (K) and passed it on to the Romans as K.

Lamedh began as a picture of an ox stick or goad. The Greeks used it for lambda (Λ).  The Romans turned it into L.

Mem, the water, became the Greek mu (M).  The Romans kept it as M.

Nun, the fish, was originally a snake or eel.  The Greeks used it for nu (N), and the Romans for N.

Samekh, which also meant fish, is of uncertain origin.  It may have originally represented a tent peg or some kind of support.  It bears a strong resemblance to the Egyptian djed pillar seen in many sacred carvings.  The Greeks used it for xi (Ξ) and a simplified variation of it for chi (X).  The Romans kept only the variation as X.

'ayin, meaning the eye, was another "deep throat" consonant.  The Greeks used it for omicron (O, "little O").  They developed a variation of it for omega (Ω, "big O"), and put it at the end of their alphabet.  The Romans kept the original for O.

Pe, the mouth, may have originally been a symbol for a corner.  The Greeks used it for pi (Π).  The Romans closed up one side and turned it into P.

Sade, a sound between s and sh, is of uncertain origin.  It may have originally been a symbol for a plant, but later looks more like a fish hook.  The Greeks did not use it, although an odd variation does show up as sampi (Ϡ), a symbol for 900.  The Etruscans used it in the shape of an M for their sh sound, but the Romans had no need for it.

Qoph, the monkey, may have originally represented a knot.  It was used for a sound similar to k but further back in the mouth.  The Greeks only used it for the number 90 (Ϙ), but the Etruscans and Romans kept it for Q.

Resh, the head, was used by the Greeks for rho (P).  The Romans added a line to differentiate it from their P and made it R.

Shin, the tooth, may have originally represented a bow.  Although it was first pronounced sh, the Greeks used it sideways for sigma (Σ).  The Romans rounded it to make S.

Taw, the mark, was used by the Greeks for tau (T).  The Romans used it for T.

The Greek letter phi (Φ) was already common among the Anatolians in what is now Turkey. Psi (Ψ) appears to have been invented by the Greeks themselves, perhaps based on Poseidon's trident.  For comparison, here is the complete Greek alphabet:

* Until recently, it was believed that these people lived in the Sinai desert and began using their alphabet in the 1700's bc.  In 1998, archeologist John Darnell discovered rock carvings in southern Egypt's "Valley of Horrors" that push back the origin of the alphabet to the 1900's bc or even earlier.  Details suggest that the inventors were Semitic people working in Egypt, who thereafter passed the idea on to their relatives further east.

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